Description of the picture:
Madonna in front of the cup with the sacrament – Jean Auguste Dominic Ingres. 1841. Oil on canvas. 116×84
In the art of the XIX century, Ingres is perceived as the “heir” of the great Raphael, the successor of the traditions of the High Renaissance art. However, Ingres transformed the ideal art system of the previous era into his own manner, which subtly and freely fuses classic, romantic and realistic tendencies.
Image of Madonna goes back to the images of the High Renaissance. The work was written by Ingres in Rome by order of the Grand Duke Alexander Nikolaevich, the future Emperor Alexander II, who visited Italy. Despite the direct connection of the stylistic language of the painting with the Catholic altar image, the artist, by the will of the customer, introduces into the composition, in addition to St. Nicholas, the heavenly patron of his father, Emperor Nicholas I, the figure of Alexander Nevsky, the Russian saint and patron of the Grand Duke."