Description of the picture:
The last tavern at the outpost is Vasily Grigorievich Perov. 1868. Oil on canvas. 51.1×65.8
The work of V. G. Perov (1833 (1834) – 1882) in the late 1860s underwent a number of stylistic changes: the artist refuses a large number of characters, grotesque, sharp revealing characteristics and variegated coloring. The palette is complicated, and the plot is achieved due to the coloristic decision, the corresponding psychological mood and picturesque expression. The early paintings of the painter are imbued with anecdotally “revealing” mood and are picturesque caricatures, including to the clergy. However, the satirical mood has weakened over the years, replaced by dramatic expression and psychological generalization, which have reached universal proportions.
The work is written in gloomy colors, only flashes of fire in the windows as if trying to break out and create a general alarming mood. Tavern and the church – two places where a person can warm up during the winter cold. The first, according to Perov himself, is a “den of debauchery,” whose hellish fire filled all the floors of the houses. Thick snow, chaotically cut by skids of a sled near the tavern, and a dirt-lined road that runs far from the church, eloquently indicate what kind of refuge travelers have chosen for themselves. Here the peasants drink the money earned per day. And, apparently, her peasant husband is waiting in a sleigh, who is shrunken and frozen from long waiting for a peasant.
The picture is cold, warm hues are present only in the image of a tavern and a fragment of a dull sky, which turns yellow above the church, barely visible in the distance. Dark gray, black and brown tones only enhance the feeling of hopelessness and tragedy, because in the whole space there is not a single gap, as there is no gap in the fate of people.
The canvas no longer denounces vices and social ulcers, but states the bitter truth about the impossibility of changing life in one’s native country."