Description of the picture:
Moscow courtyard – Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov. 1878. Oil on canvas. 64.5×80.1
Moscow courtyard – Polenov’s most famous painting, in which the path of Russian art of the 1870s was first outlined, striving to dissolve the genre principle characteristic of the Wanderers realism. Polenov displayed a typical corner of the old patriarchal Moscow, seen on a sunny summer morning. In the picture we see the current Church of the Savior in Sands near Arbat, an old manor with a lush garden, dilapidated squinting sheds, a large courtyard where children play, a woman with a bucket going to the side of carefree walking hens – the coexistence of large and small worlds, which is amazing It embodies the image of Moscow of the 19th century with a rural way of life. Nothing escapes the sight of the painter, and this whole harmonious idyllic world is carefully and lovingly conveyed with the help of bright air plein air painting.
The painting was accepted at the Sixth Traveling Art Exhibition; the author was very embarrassed that such a mundane story, created under the impression quickly, easily and without much difficulty, interested the Partnership of such venerable artists as K. E. Makovsky, A. K. Savrasov, I. N. Kramskoy, N. N. Ge and others. The canvas was a success, soon it was bought by P.M. Tretyakov for his collection."