Description of the picture:
Winter – Alexei Kondratievich Savrasov. The end of the 1870s – the beginning of the 1880s. Canvas, oil. 53.5×71.5
The painting was painted during a difficult period for the artist. He survived the collapse of family life and found reassurance only in drunkenness. Only occasionally did the master delight the audience with truly successful works.
A narrow winter road divided the landscape into two unequal parts. On the left there was a forest, several young birches at the curb and the twigs of bushes. On the right is a void, except for two lifeless trunks and a young pine. The snow looks loose and in the color scheme is deprived of frosty freshness. Before us is a thaw. The runaway road in the future merges into one shallow track and disappears before reaching the horizon. Somewhere in the distance a river covered in ice. She rather guesses in the landscape "asks" into the composition.
Most of the canvas in this work is given to the sky. Dozens of shades of blue, flavored with greenish notes, create an amazing effect of gravity, oppression. Another minute and snow will fall on the ground, and maybe rain, which will begin to destroy the unstable winter order. Like an old blanket, uneven, patchwork, covered the sky and the forest, and birch trees on the sidelines, and an uncertain road rut. The color transition from light to thunderous blue and again to white creates the illusion of a dark strip that crosses the work along. Dark clouds create a feeling of tension in the picture.
For many years of storage in storage, the picture changed its original color. But the author’s idea is guessed. The viewer feels the atmosphere of an evil presentiment, vague anxiety, excitement. Birches become like human figures separated by a darling. The dramatic landscape is complemented by a fragile young pine near dead trunks, naturally parallel, devoid of branches.
It is worth recalling the difficult fate of the artist, the death of three children, so that the allegory becomes fully understandable. The author in a corner of winter Russian nature saw his own life. Compositionally, the work is structured so that the artist looks at the depicted landscape from the left, "dead"side. Thus, making it clear that he himself loses the meaning and purpose of his existence.
The work is completely devoid of any "prettiness". The master of emotion does not feel, looking at the winter road. Struck by harmony with his inner mood, he tries to share his discovery with the viewer.
This is the uniqueness of the work, its undoubted value, which allows us to consider it one of the most talented Russian landscapes.
In the picture you can see undoubtedly a successful compositional structure, the texture of melted snow is perfectly conveyed, the palette is skillfully selected. Despite this, a feeling of some incompleteness, incompleteness, etude of the canvas is created.
The time of writing the picture is not known exactly. It is also unknown how long the author worked on it, whether it returned to it after completion. On the other hand, it is precisely this incompleteness that possibly gives the work all the drama and surprisingly rich atmosphere."